MANUAL ANTENNA TUNER
Antennas should be matched to the TX, and it should be the best to be matched
at the feed point.
I had a bad match problem between 3.5m wire antenna and the TX transmitting 15m.
The solution is a simple pi type manual antenna tuner unit (MTU).
It is applied as the following sketch.
The circuit is quite simple, as shown below, and it works
The result is satisfactory,
SWR < 1.1 2.6
Test result on air from Singapore on 21MHz
at 10W his RST my RST
JA5DUR/3 54 53
BV2UB 57 59
YC1VBH 579 579
HS0ZBS 529 579
4I1P 579 599
It is tested also at 100W. (Thanks 9V1GA!)
What should be careful about is the power for the tuning of the MTU.
10W for tuning is safe to prevent abnormal high voltage on VC1 and VC2, which are designed for low voltage.
After it is tuned, it did not have problems at the operations with 50W and 100W.
However, the acceptable power should be tested by antennas to avoid problems due to high voltages on the VC's, especially if the SWR of the antenna itself is higher than 2.6.
For the antennas with extremely high SWR, the power should be 10W or less.
I hope this will be any of your reference.
Data of components for 15m Band
B1 7 turn of 1.5D2V coaxial on ferrite triode core with 20mm dia.
Similar core will do with no problm.
Poly variable condensers (for radios).
Parallel connected between two channels in each unit.
Desirable capacity : 200pF
L1 14 turns of solenoid coil with 14mm dia and 25mm long (no core)
Originally wound on an UM3 battery.
T1 To be connected to the antenna
T2 To be connected to ground
For 20m Band (for reference)
VC1, VC2 300pF
L1 18 turns of solenoid coil with 14mm dia and 30mm long (no core)
T1, T2 To be connected to the antenna elements
For balanced types of antennas, it will be better to put B1 after VC2.
In this case, the circuit will be as follows,
< Petit Revision >
I installed the reflection wave meter in the manual antenna tuner.
After this, the tuner may be tuned without a separate SWR meter.
The circuit and the photoes are attached below.
It is just to tune VC1 and VC2 so that the indication of the reflection meter goes to the minimum.
Data of the transformer T
10 turn coil on the core T-50 #6 or FT-50-61.
For 50W or 100W, use T-68 #6 or FT-82-61.
Be sure that the diode is connected to the same side end of the coil as the input from the TX.